Ms. Bao Jia Luo

Sun Yat-sen University, China

Title: Impact of defecation dysfunction on quality of life in mid-low rectal cancer patients following sphincter-sparing surgery


Objectives: A large proportion of mid-low rectal cancer patients develop low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) after sphincter-sparing surgery. This study aimed to investigate the effect of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) on quality of life (QoL) in Chinese rectal cancer patients following sphincter-sparing surgery. 

Methods: This was a comparative cross-sectional study. Between Jan 2019 to Jun 2020, 146 mid-low rectal cancer patients following sphincter-sparing surgery were enrolled. The low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score was used to assess bowel dysfunction. According to the LARS score, patients were divided into three levels, no LARS (n= 34), minor LARS (n = 6 0), and major LARS (n=52). The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy- Colorectal (FACT-C) was used to assess the QoL of the patients. 

Results: The major LARS group had a significantly shorter level of tumor from the dentate line than the no LARS group. The total FACT-C score of 146 patients was 98.45±17.83. The total FACT-C score and the score of each dimension (physical, emotional, functional dimensions, and colorectal cancer sub-scale) were significantly different between the minor LARS and major LARS groups, as well as between the no LARS and major LARS groups. Subgroups analyses of the FACT-C score stratied by each item in the LARS scales showed that except for flatus incontinence, patients with different frequencies of other symptoms (bowel frequency, liquid stool incontinence, liquid stool incontinence, stool clustering, urgent bowel movement) had a signicantly different total score of FACT (all P < 0.01).

Conclusions: The LARS had a significant impact on the QoL in Chinese mid-low rectal cancer patients following sphincter-sparing surgery, especially in patients with major LARS.


Bao-Jia Luo obtained her MD at 2014 from the Nursing School of SunYat-sen University and got ET certification at 2012 from WCET. Now she is a full-time ET nurse handling difficult wounds, ostomy and incontinence cases in the whole hospital and is the clinical tutor of some postgraduates from SunYat-sen University. She has over 20 publications and the English ones have been cited 30 times and the h-index is 3. She has been serving as important member in several domestic Academic organizations in China.